Essays On Democratic Republic Of Congo

Essay on History of the Democratic Republic of Congo

1169 Words5 Pages

Prior to 1960, Belgium and their King, Leopold ruled the Congo region. They held great interests in the rubber industry and created harsh labor camps that exploited the people. That is why after gaining independence in 1960, the nation then known as Zaire plunged into chaos. Military unrest coupled with oppressive warlord throughout the region made it a very unstable state, ready to collapse. Nowadays, U.N. peacekeeping forces hold posts in the nation to maintain its stability. The United States has had foreign relations with the country from 1960 and has signed many treaties to help promote growth in the region. One such document is the Peace, Security and Cooperation framework that exists between the United States and the Democratic…show more content…

Prior to 1960, Belgium and their King, Leopold ruled the Congo region. They held great interests in the rubber industry and created harsh labor camps that exploited the people. That is why after gaining independence in 1960, the nation then known as Zaire plunged into chaos. Military unrest coupled with oppressive warlord throughout the region made it a very unstable state, ready to collapse. Nowadays, U.N. peacekeeping forces hold posts in the nation to maintain its stability. The United States has had foreign relations with the country from 1960 and has signed many treaties to help promote growth in the region. One such document is the Peace, Security and Cooperation framework that exists between the United States and the Democratic Republic of the Congo as well as 10 other African nations. I believe that The Peace, Security and Cooperation framework definitely helps to promote the United States best interest in the DRC due to access to oil, prevention of military destabilization in the region as well as benefits from African businesses. It is clear that the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries in the Middle East has a monopoly over the drilling and distribution of oil in today’s world. To break this monopoly, the United States must look elsewhere to find the oh so valuable resource. One such source is in the heart of the African continent, the DRC or Democratic Republic of the Congo. The nation still produces more oil than it consumes and the DRC is also the

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The Democratic Republic Of Congo Essay

The Democratic Republic of Congo

Formerly known as Zaire, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DROC) is located in the center of Africa bordered by nine different countries and one territory. (Lerner, 10) The bordering countries are Central African Republic and Sudan at the northern boarder, Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Burundi on the eastern boarder, Zambia and Angola directly South of DROC and Congo on the Western boarder.
DROC is about one third the size of the United States; consisting of 905,365 square miles of territory it is also the third largest country within the African continent, smaller only to Sudan and Algeria. (Background Notes, 1)
Much like the United States DROC has one major capital and small city capitals. The major capital of the country is Kinshasa, holding a population of 6.55 million alone. The city capitals throughout the country are, Bandundu, Bukavu, Goma, Kananga, Kindu, Kisangani, Lubumbashi, Matadi, Mbandaka, and Mbuji-Mayi. (Background Notes, 1)
The climates within the DROC are very different due to the country being half to the north of the equator and half to the south. The northern portion of the country tends to be cold and dry, whereas the equatorial areas and southern half are hot and humid.
DROC has great wealth of natural resource. Large copper deposits exist in the Shaba region, which also has reserves of cobalt, cadmium, uranium, tin, silver, and gold. (Lerner, 18) In-fact their main export commodities include cobalt, copper, crude oil, cut diamonds, gold, petroleum prodicts, synthetic lubricants, tea and coffee. (Mbendi Profile, 9)
There are four major geographical regions in the country of DROC; these are the Congo River Basin, the Northern Uplands, the Eastern Highlands, and the Southern Uplands.
The Congo River Basin covers about one third of the country reaching a vast 400,000 square miles across the country and is almost evenly divide by the equator. The Congo River Basin is also known as the Cuvette, which is French for "Basin." Rainfall is very plentiful in the Cuvette and it is dominated by dense rainforests. Though rain is plentiful the soil in this region is unfertile therefore resulting in a low population and very few farms.
The Northern Uplands is located along the northern boarder of the country. With an elevation of about 2,500 miles above sea level it is covered mainly savannas and grassland with scattered trees.
The Southern Uplands is somewhat similar to that of the Northern Uplands in the likeness that it also contains savannas and grassy woodlands. Beginning on the southern end of the central basin, this region has an average elevation of about 2,730 feet above sea level, having fertile soils and retaining may of the countries mineral deposits it allows for the locals to grow grains and raise cattle.
The final geographical region is the Eastern Highlands, this great portion extends approximately 958 miles South from lake Mobutu Sese Seko, clear...

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Preventing the export of conflict diamonds in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

4865 words - 19 pages Preventing the export of conflict diamonds in the Democratic Republic of the Congo The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has large reserves of cobalt, gold, gems, copper, timber, and uranium. However, the most valuable resource that the DRC possess is its large reserve of diamonds. Diamonds essentially serve as a pillar to the DRC’s struggling economy. Plagued by civil unrest, the DRC is desperately trying to stabilize its economy. Their...

To What Extent has the International Monetary Fund Impacted the Democratic Republic of Congo under Mobutu Sese Seko?

1356 words - 5 pages Part A: Plan of Investigation To What Extent has the International Monetary Fund Impacted the Democratic Republic of Congo under Mobutu Sese Seko? The International Monetary Fund (created in 1945) was conceived by the meeting of representatives of 45 countries in Bretton woods, New Hampshire, United States to support countries facing debt crisis. The aim of this internal assessment is to examine the effect the IMF has had on the Democratic...

The Country of Congo

639 words - 3 pages The Republic of Congo is a very interesting country made up of many kinds of people. It became an independent country on August 15th 1960. Congo's estimated population is 2,800,000, with about 8 people per square mile. Most of the population lives by the capital, Brazzaville. About forty-five percent of Congo belongs to the Kongo Group. The Kongo...

The Origin of the Congo

1215 words - 5 pages Encouraged by their knowledge of iron technology and agriculture, the Bantu-speakers moved to the Congo and South Africa by the end of 1st millennium, while they were developing new related languages. From about A.D. 700 Bantu worked in the copper deposits of South Katanga and traded with overseas. By about A.D. 1000 the Bantu had settled in the Congo. By the beginning of 2nd millennium, the Bantu population had increased and were united into...

The Atrocities of the Congo

2648 words - 11 pages When the word ‘genocide’ is mentioned, the Holocaust is almost always the first one to come to mind. It was one of the most horrible and inhumane events of mankind, but it wasn’t the deadliest or even most brutal genocide. While approximately six million Jews were murdered, an even more death-dealing incident took place forty-years earlier in what is now called the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In a span of twenty-five gruesome years, over...

Indigenous People of the Congo

2688 words - 11 pages The Congo is the home to a nomadic group of hunters-gatherers known as the Mbuti. The Mbuti are one of the oldest indigenous people of the Congo region of Africa. The Mbuti is an egalitarian society, and the band is their highest form of socialization. Bands are based on principles of teamwork and sharing. The bands are composed of about fifteen to sixty families. The Mbuti reside in the Ituri forest, a tropical rainforest in...

The history of the Belgian Congo

1291 words - 5 pages The history of the Belgian Congo is one of terrible sadness and seldom-noted human devastation. From 1885 to 1908 the Congo was ruled by one man as his sole, personal colony; a ruler ironically noted at the time for his philanthropy, King Leopold II of Belgium. Seeking his own colony, he founded the Congo Free State, a massive territory in the African interior that was larger than seventy-six times the size of his own country (Hochschild,...

The True Nature of King Leopold's Congo

3894 words - 16 pages As the Scramble for Africa intensified, it became clear that certain fundamental rules had to be established; with this purpose in mind, Bismarck formed the Berlin Conference in November, 1884 (Hochschild, 84). Despite not being present at the conference, Leopold made out quite well. He gained the seaport Matadi and all the land required to build his railway from that port all the way around the rapids to Stanley Pool (Hochschild, 86)....

The Republic of Cameroon

2221 words - 9 pages The name of my country is the Republic of Cameroon. Cameroon, which is located in Central Africa, shares its border with the Central African Republic, Chad, the Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and Nigeria. Cameroon has an area of 183,568 square miles. Tennessee is 42,180 square miles which means Cameroon is roughly 4.35x the size of Tennessee or a little bigger than California which is 163,695 square miles. Cameroon has a...

Aristocracy in Plato's The Republic and to Build a Democratic State

747 words - 3 pages In The Republic by Plato, Plato constructed an ideal city where Philosophers would rule. Governed by an aristocratic form of government, it took away some of the most basic rights a normal citizen should deserve, freedom of choice, worship, and assembly were distressed. Though the idea of philosopher kings is good on paper, fundamental flaws of the human kind even described by Plato himself prevent it from being truly successful. The idea of...

The Republic of Djibouti

993 words - 4 pages Djibouti The republic of Djibouti is a country located in Eastern Africa on the Gulf of Aden. Smaller in size than Switzerland or Croatia, and smaller than the state of Massachusetts, Djibouti sits in a hot, arid region of the Horn of Africa atop a vast stony desert with dispersed highlands. Of the 757,000 people that inhabit this country, the vast majority is Somalis and the minority is Afars and about 15,000 are of European descent. (cia.gov)...

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