When there is no author for a web page, the title moves to the first position of the reference entry:
All 33 Chile miners freed in flawless rescue. (2010, October 13). Retrieved from http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/39625809/ns/world_news-americas/
Cite in text the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title) and the year. Use double quotation marks around the title or abbreviated title.: ("All 33 Chile Miners," 2010).
Note: Use the full title of the web page if it is short for the parenthetical citation. Articles found on the web, like the example above, are not italicized in the reference entry and are not italicized but enclosed in quotations in the in-text citation, just like a newspaper or magazine article. Reports found on the web would be italicized in the reference list, as in Publication Manual (6th ed.) Examples 31, 32, and 33 on pp. 205–206. They would also be italicized in the in-text citation, just like a book.
These posts on the APA Style blog will also be helpful:
Proper Format & Examples:
There are two options for citing this source in-text:
1) Name of organization, date of publication, and page number(s) are placed in brackets at the end of the sentence. If the name is long, cite full name in the first citation and use an abbreviation for following citations. When there are no page numbers, refer to the paragraph number or heading within the text:
(College of Licensed Practical Nurses of Alberta, 2015, para. 2).
2) Alternatively, the citation may be integrated into the sentence with a signal phrase and narrative. If lengthy, abbreviate the organization or group name:
According to the College of Licensed Practical Nurses of Alberta (CLPNA), their competency standards have been updated to include the "knowledge, skills, behaviors, judgments and attitudes required by a Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN) in Alberta" (2015, para. 2).
APA rules for in-text citation change depending on the number/type of author(s). Count the authors and follow the rule below:
Work with ONE author
> The study demonstrated how "APA style can be challenging for college students" (Bedford, 2010, p. 8).
> Smith (2009) discovered that APA style is a challenging citation format for first-time learners (p. 199).
> According to Smith, APA style is a challenging citation format for first-time learners (2009, p. 199).
Work with TWO authors
> Research conducted by Bedford and Smith (2008) suggests college students struggle when using APA style. This difficulty can be attributed to the fact that many students did not purchase a style manual or failed to ask their teacher or librarian for help (p. 199).
> Research has suggested that college students struggle when using APA style because they do not acquire the necessary resources or seek additional support on-campus (Bedford & Smith, 2008, p. 199).
Work with THREE to FIVE authors
> Contrary to popular belief, the evidence showed that Leif Eriksson was "the first European to set foot on North American soil, almost 500 years before Columbus" (Wilson, Kravitz, Thomson, & Petty, 2011, pp. 94-98).
> Wilson et al. (2011) concluded that Leif Eriksson was "the first European to set foot on North American soil, almost 500 years before Columbus" (pp. 94-98).
Work with SIX or more authors
> In a randomized control trial conducted on diabetic patients, Shaughnessy et al. (2007) found the medication to be effective in 72% of patients (p. 109).
> Multiple studies have demonstrated that traumatic experiences in early childhood can increase the risk of addiction (Okoye et al., 2016, p. 84).
Work with a GROUP, ORGANIZATION or CORPORATE author
> The Canadian Medical Association (CMA) concluded there is no causal link between vaccinations and the increase in clinical diagnoses of autism spectrum disorders. Moreover, the CMA warned that such assumptions may lead to the return of childhood illnesses like the measles (2010, pp. 18-21).
> According to Statistics Canada, "[s]ince the early 1990s, Canada has welcomed an average of almost 250,000 immigrants annually" (2016, para. 2).
Work with NO author specified
> Google was involved in anti-competitive practices ("Patent Trials," 2010, para. 3).
> It was reported that Calgary's office vacancy rate in the downtown core is almost 25% ("Calgary Downtown Vacancy," 2016, para. 1).
INTERVIEW or PRESENTATION (Unpublished)
> A registered nurse explained how "elderly patients with dementia may wander off the premises of nursing homes" (J. McGill, personal communication, October 12, 2015).
> Plagiarism is a serious violation of academic honesty policies at Bow Valley College (L. Peters, personal communication, September 12, 2016).
SECONDARY SOURCE (A source found inside a source)
There are 3 options: (1) Place original author(s) and year in the signal phrase or brackets and use the phrase “as cited in.” before the actual source; (2) Include in-text citation(s) to the original source(s) in a quote; or (3) Use a phrase such as “According to a research study” or “The research has demonstrated” to refer to the original source(s):
Smith (the secondary source) refers to the ideas of Johnson (the original source):
> Option 1 - Johnson (2008) argued that the Calgary stampede is rooted in conservative political ideologies (as cited in Smith, 2013, pp. 102-103).
In the References list at the end of your assignment, only cite the source by Smith.
Holden et al. (the secondary source) cite multiple research studies (the original sources):
> Option 2 - An increasing amount of critical analysis and evidence have undermined "the notion that digital natives have a unique aptitude for digital technologies (Hargittai & Feldman, 2010; Jones & Czerniewicz, 2010; Hope, 2011)” (Holden et al., 2012, p. 18).
> Option 3 - Multiple research studies have undermined "the notion that digital natives have a unique aptitude for digital technologies" (Holden et al., 2012, p. 18).
In the References list at the end of your assignment, only cite the source by Holden et al.