Ramon Magsaysay Essay Robredo

In this Philippine name, the middle name or maternal family name is Manalastas and the surname or paternal family name is Robredo.

Jesse M. Robredo

Robredo in 2008

Secretary of Department of the Interior and Local Government
In office
July 9, 2010 – August 18, 2012
PresidentBenigno Aquino III
Preceded byBenigno Aquino III
Succeeded byMar Roxas[1][2]
Mayor of Naga City[3]
In office
June 30, 2001 – June 30, 2010
Preceded bySulpicio S. Roco Jr.
Succeeded byJohn G. Bongat
In office
February 2, 1988 – June 30, 1998
Preceded byCarlos G. Del Castillo
Succeeded bySulpicio S. Roco Jr.
Personal details
BornJesse Manalastas Robredo
(1958-05-27)May 27, 1958
Naga, Camarines Sur, Philippines
DiedAugust 18, 2012(2012-08-18) (aged 54)
Off the coast of Masbate City, Philippines
Cause of deathPlane crash
Resting placeEternal Gardens Memorial Park, Naga City, Camarines Sur, Philippines
Political partyLiberal Party
Spouse(s)Leni Gerona (m. 1987)[4][5]
Children3 (including Aika)
Alma materDe La Salle University,
Harvard University,
University of the Philippines Diliman
OccupationPublic servant

Jesse Manalastas Robredo, QSC, PLH (May 27, 1958 – August 18, 2012) was a Filipino statesman who served as Secretary of the Interior and Local Government in the administration of PresidentBenigno Aquino III from 2010 until his death in 2012.[6] Robredo was a member of the Liberal Party.

Beginning in 1988, Robredo served six terms as Mayor of Naga City in Camarines Sur. In recognition of his achievements as Naga City mayor, Robredo was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award for Government Service in 2000, the first Filipino mayor so honored. He was appointed to the Cabinet of President Aquino in July 2010.[6]

On August 18, 2012, the Piper PA-34-200 Seneca I aircraft carrying Secretary Robredo crashed off the shore of Masbate Island.[7][8][9][10] He was scheduled to go home and watch his daughter's swimming competition in Naga City. The Philippine Department of Interior and Local Government said that the pilot sent a distress call to the Masbate airport requesting an emergency landing. The airplane never made it to the airport and crashed in the sea.[11][12] Robredo's body was retrieved three days later, August 21, 800 meters from the shore and 180 feet below sea level.[13]

Early life[edit]

Jesse Manalastas Robredo was born on May 27, 1958 in Naga City to José Chan Robredo, Sr. (1923 – 2015), a Filipino Chinese and his native Filipina wife of ethnic Bicolano descent, Marcelina Manalastas-Robredo (1928 – 2013). Robredo is of Chinese descent through his paternal grandfather, who immigrated to the Philippines from Fujian province at the beginning of the 20th century,[14] and has a Hokkien Chinese name, Lim Pieng Ti.[15] He was the third of five siblings: he had a brother, José "Butch" Robredo Jr., a businessman; and three sisters: Jocelyn Robredo-Austria, who lives in the USA; Jenny Robredo-Tang; and Josephine (Penny) Robredo-Bundoc of the University of the Philippines-Philippine General Hospital (UP-PGH).

Jesse obtained his undergraduate degrees in industrial management engineering and mechanical engineering at De La Salle University. He was later accepted as an Edward Mason Fellow and graduated with a Masters of Public Administration degree from Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government in 1999. In 1985, Robredo finished his Masters in Business Administration at the University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City, as a scholar and was named the Graduate School and Faculty Organization awardee for scholarly excellence.[16] The Far Eastern University bestowed Robredo with a doctorate in Humanities, honoris causa, during its 80th commencement exercise held at the plenary hall of the Philippine International Convention Center on April 4, 2008, recognizing his efforts to develop Naga City.

He studied at Naga Parochial School, a private Catholic school where he began to hone his talent and love for chess. The school was known and had established a record for winning Bicol's annual province-wide chess tournament and Robredo's brother had been among its champions. However, when it was Robredo's turn to represent his school, he only garnered second place.

Robredo entered high school at Ateneo de Naga University High School in 1970 and was in junior year when President Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law in September 1972. The university administration immediately called an assembly and warned its students against getting involved in anti-government activities – which could result in the school being closed down.

In 1980, Robredo worked for the San Miguel Corporation in Mandaluyong City, in the Physical Distribution Technical Services of the General Services Division, and within six months, Robredo had hurdled two of the three levels in the division and was then sent to the finance division for another six months.

When Robredo's immediate superior transferred to Magnolia Ice Cream, San Miguel Corporation's ice cream division, he was invited to come along. He was assigned to logistics planning and concurrently functioned as staff assistant to the physical distribution director.[17]


In 1986, Robredo returned to Naga City, where he became Program Director of the Bicol River Basin Development Program, an agency tasked to undertake integrated area development planning in the three provinces of the Bicol region. It is while working at the BRBDP he met fellow Nagueño Leni Gerona, whom he would marry the following year.

In 1988, Robredo was elected mayor of Naga City at age 29,[17] the youngest mayor in Philippine history. His three terms as mayor ended on June 30, 1998.[18] He was again elected as City Mayor in 2001 and finished his second three terms on June 30, 2010.[18] He served for a total of nineteen (19) years as Naga City Mayor before being appointed on July 9, 2010 as Secretary of the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG). Robredo was able to transform Naga City from being dull and lethargic to being one of the "Most Improved Cities in Asia," as cited by Asiaweek Magazine in 1999.[16]

During his time in city hall, Robredo was credited for "dramatically improved stakeholdership and people participation in governance, in the process restoring Naga to its preeminent position as the premier city of Bicol Region."[16] In 1995, in recognition of his skills and competence as a leader and development manager, Robredo was elected President of the League of Cities of the Philippines, the national association of city mayors. Robredo also chairs the Metro Naga Development Council."[16] He served as chairman of the Regional Development Council, the regional planning and coordinating body of Bicol's six provinces and seven cities, from 1992 to 1998.[16]

Benigno Aquino III was Secretary of Interior and Local Government,[19] until Aquino named Robredo to succeed him.[6] At least two politicians from Bicol, Luis Ortega and Luis Villafuerte, Sr. expressed opposition to Robredo's confirmation by the Commission on Appointments of which Villafuerte himself was a member.[20] In March 2012, the Commission on Appointments bypassed Robredo's nomination.[21] His nomination was bypassed again in June 2012.[22] Another confirmation hearing had reportedly been set on August 29, 2012, eleven days after Robredo's sudden death.[23]


See also: 2012 Philippine Piper Seneca crash

On August 18, 2012, he boarded a Piper PA-34 Seneca in Cebu City to fly to Naga City, however the airplane's pilots decided to make an emergency landing at the Moises R. Espinosa Airport in Masbate City due to engine failure. The aircraft then crashed off the shore of Masbate Island.[7] His aide, Police Chief Inspector June Paolo Abrazado, survived the crash. Search and recovery operations were conducted by Philippine Coast Guard/ Philippine Coast Guard Auxiliary, Philippine Navy, Philippine Air Force and the local government of Masbate, with assistance from a number of foreign technical divers.

Robredo's body was found at 8:15 am, Tuesday, August 21, 2012 (PHT). The news was confirmed by DOTC Secretary Mar Roxas. He said the body was found 800 meters (2,600 feet) off Masbate at 54 metres (177 feet) deep.[24]

At the time of his death, Robredo was survived by his wife, Vice PresidentMaria Leonor Gerona Robredo, and three daughters in addition to his elderly parents (including an only mother-in-law) as well as his siblings.

His funeral was held at the Archbishop's Palace in Naga City before it was transferred to Malacañang Palace for an official wake on August 24, 2012. His remains were later brought back to his hometown of Naga and cremated.

Robredo's ashes are entombed at the Eternal Gardens Memorial Park.

Philippine President Aquino conferred the Philippine Legion of Honor with the rank of Chief Commander upon Robredo on August 28, 2012 just before the state funeral.[25]


Following Robredo's death, August 18 was declared "Jesse Robredo Day".[citation needed] In addition, two roads were named in his honor, Sec. Jesse Robredo Avenue in Naga City, Camarines Sur and Jesse M. Robredo Boulevard, in Masbate City. Naga City also hosts the Jesse M. Robredo Center, the Jesse Robredo Coliseum, and the Jesse Robredo Monument and Museum in the town centre.



  1. ^GMA News; Mar Roxas II as the new DILG Sec. Retrieved on August 31, 2012
  2. ^Inquirer.net; Mar Roxas II Retrieved on August 31, 2012
  3. ^"City Officials: 1945–2004". City Government of Naga. Retrieved September 12, 2012. 
  4. ^"Jesse Robredo feared dead after plane crash". Coolbuster. August 18, 2012. Retrieved August 18, 2012. 
  5. ^Alcober, Neil A. and Depasupil, William B. (August 21, 2012) Robredo family hopeful but prepares for worst. Manila Times
  6. ^ abc"Jesse Robredo named DILG chief". Manila, Philippines: ABS-CBN Interactive. July 10, 2010. Archived from the original on July 13, 2010. Retrieved September 14, 2014. 
  7. ^ ab"Robredo's plane crashes off Masbate". ABS-CBN News. August 18, 2012. Retrieved August 20, 2012. 
  8. ^"Robredo's ill-fated plane: Chronology of events". Inquirer News. Manila. August 19, 2012. Retrieved August 19, 2012. 
  9. ^"Rescuers search for Robredo, 2 pilot". Phil Star. Manila. AP. August 19, 2012. Retrieved August 19, 2012. 
  10. ^"Officials still hanging on hope for DILG chief". Sun Star. Manila. August 20, 2012. Retrieved August 19, 2012. 
  11. ^"Philippines interior secretary missing in plane crash". CNN. August 18, 2012. Retrieved August 20, 2012. 
  12. ^"Small plane carrying DILG Sec. Jesse Robredo crashes off Masbate". GMA News. Retrieved August 20, 2012. 
  13. ^"Robredo's body found". Office of the President (Philippines) Newsroom. Archived from the original on August 25, 2012. Retrieved August 21, 2012. 
  14. ^"Robredo, Jesse Manalastas BIOGRAPHY". Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation. Retrieved May 14, 2016. 
  15. ^Wilson Lee Flores. "Jesse Robredo and his siblings read newspapers and books to their blind dad". The Philippine Star. Retrieved May 14, 2016. 
  16. ^ abcde"Jesse Manalastas – Robredo Naga City Government Website". City Government of Naga. Retrieved September 14, 2014. 
  17. ^ ab"Philippine top minister feared dead in crash". Al Jazeera. August 19, 2012. Retrieved August 20, 2012. 
  18. ^ ab"Tribute to DILG Sec. Jesse Robredo". Retrieved August 25, 2012. 
  19. ^Ager, Maila (June 29, 2010). "Aquino names Cabinet, takes DILG helm". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on June 30, 2010. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  20. ^"Local Politicians to Give Robredo Tough Time at CA". voxbicol.com. May 31, 2011. Retrieved August 21, 2012. 
  21. ^"5 Cabinet members, envoy to China bypassed by CA". philstar.com. March 22, 2012. Retrieved August 21, 2012. 
  22. ^"CA bypasses De Lima, 4 other Cabinet members for nth time". inquirer.net. June 6, 2012. Retrieved August 21, 2012. 
  23. ^"Malacañang advised to get official plane for Noy, Cabinet". philstar.com. August 20, 2012. Retrieved August 21, 2012. 
  24. ^Robredo found dead.ABS-CBN News (August 21, 2012), Retrieved on August 21, 2012
  25. ^"Bulletin No. 11 from the Committee on Funeral Arrangements and Burial of the late Secretary Jesse M. Robredo". Official Gazette, Government of the Philippines. August 27, 2012. 
  26. ^"Speech of President Aquino during the conferment of the Quezon Service Cross on Jesse Robredo, November 26, 2012". Official Gazette. Office of the President of the Philippines. Retrieved June 2, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Robredo on a 2013 stamp of the Philippines

YOUNG BLOOD 4 Some of the 64 contributors to “Young Blood 4” grace its launch on Sunday in Makati City, along with Inquirer chairperson Marixi R. Prieto (right), Inquirer publisher Raul Pangalangan (third from left) and three of the book’s editors, JV Rufino, Ruel De Vera and Pam Pastor (left, second from left and second from right, respectively). ANDREW TADALAN

The selection process was described as “brutal,” “dramatic and strict,”  but in the end, 64 young authors made it to the pages of the Philippine Daily Inquirer’s fourth and latest volume of “Young Blood.”

“Young Blood 4,” launched on Sunday, is a compilation of essays that tell “the Filipino story through the eyes of the youth,” according to one of the books’ editors, Ruel De Vera.  The essays were originally published in the Inquirer’s Young Blood section.

De Vera described the selection process as a “a brutal and long discussion,” as the editors went over essays published over six years, from 2005 to 2011.

Party-list rep

His fellow editor, JV Rufino, head of Inquirer Books which published the latest compilation, recalled the selection process as being “dramatic and strict.”

Among the contributors to “Young Blood 4” is Kabataan Rep. Raymond Palatino who holds the distinction of having two essays in the compilation.

All 64 Young Blood writers pose with (front row, from left) editors Pam Pastor, Ruel de Vera, Inquirer Group of Companies Chair Marixi R. Prieto, Inquirer Publisher Dean Raul Pangalangan, and Inquirer Books head Javier Vicente Rufino. PHOTO BY MATIKAS SANTOS

His first story, about how he and his wife met, was published in February 2007 when he was just 27. His second essay, published in January 2010, recalled his experiences as one of the youngest members of the House of Representatives.

“I’m grateful for the honor,” Palatino said.  Now 33 and happily married with two children, the party-list representative said he’d like to share his love of reading and writing with his children.

Robredo daughter

Also among the contributors is Jessica Marie Robredo, daughter of the late Interior Secretary and Ramon Magsaysay Awardee Jesse Robredo, who was recently chosen “Filipino of the Year” by the Philippine Daily Inquirer.

Robredo’s story, which was published in March 2007 when she was still 15, recounted how her father, then mayor of Naga City, had inspired her “to make a difference.”

During the launch, the young Robredo spoke of her father’s “greatness of spirit” and how he “became a man for others [and] served others with integrity.”

Robredo’s story had previously won the grand prize in the high school category of the 2003 Ramon Magsaysay Student Essay Competition.

In introducing the book, editor Rosario Garcellano described the selected essays in the compilation as “display(ing) not only passion and sorrow, but also compassion and commitment—hardly the stuff of the flighty, the jejune, or the goofing off.”

“Young Blood 4” is available in major bookstores, and will soon be accessible as an e-book, the first ever in the “Young Blood” series, Rufino said.

Opinion Editor Rosario Garcellano said in the introduction of the book that all the essays compiled in the book “display[ed] not only passion and sorrow but also compassion and commitment–hardly the stuff of the flightly, the jejune, or the goofing off.”

The book is available in major bookstores for P375.

Originally posted: 7:35 pm | Monday, January 28th, 2013

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